Next version of Apache Camel (2.18.0) is about to come with a long list of new features and components.
Even if previous release of Camel was
2.17.3, the new version is actually a major release, containing a lot of improvements over previous version.
Now Camel compiles against Java 8 and most part of the code has been allowed to use constructs like lambdas, but also the API interfaces have been adapted to support lambdas in the user code, eg. in transformations.
2.18.0 comes with a new set of components ideal for building microservices. The list contains the new circuit breakers in
camel-hystrix, load balancing with
camel-ribbon, distributed tracing with
camel-zipkin. These are just some of the new components of a long list that include also my pet component
camel-telegram, to quickly create applications integrated with the popular messaging app.
A Camel Spring-Boot application now automatically provides reliable health checks at the endpoint
/health, leveraging the Spring-Boot actuator module. This is a fundamental requirement for any microservice living in a cloud environment, because it allows the cloud platform (eg. Kubernetes) to detect any anomaly and take corrective actions.
Indeed, one of the big news in the context of Microservices is that much effort has been made to improve Camel’s compatibility with Spring-Boot.
Spring-Boot is one of the top trending frameworks in the Microservices era, one of the fundamental building blocks for creating cloud enabled applications, at least in the Java universe. Camel integration with Spring has ancient roots and recent releases included some features that simplified the usage of Camel into Spring-Boot applications, but this time we have done much more.
Camel Spring-Boot Starters
We have done a major refactoring of the code, separating the pure components from platform related features. In the case of Spring-Boot, this led to the creation of Component Starters.
A component starter is just like a normal Camel component, but it’s optimized for the Spring-Boot framework. Maven users should just add a
-starter suffix to the name of the component to switch to its starter version:
... <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId> <artifactId>camel-http-starter</artifactId> <version>2.18.0</version> </dependency> ...
But, what does it mean being optimized for Spring-Boot?
Spring-Boot is an opinionated framework, meaning that developers using it are choosing a specific set of technologies, products and patterns to develop their applications. One of the implications is that Spring-Boot “requires” you to use specific versions of some third party artifacts to play well in the ecosystem.
Starters bring with them a set of transitive dependencies perfectly compatible with the ones expected by the Spring-Boot framework. Versions are aligned with latest version of Spring-Boot (currently
1.4.1.RELEASE), logging is configured to match the Spring-Boot standard logging framework, and so on. Starters are meant to be included in a
pom.xml and used, without hassle.
A new BOM (Bill of Material) is provided with the new version of Camel:
camel-spring-boot-dependencies. It has no conflicts with the Spring framework’s
spring-boot-dependencies BOM and it replace the classical Camel BOM (
camel-parent) in Spring-Boot applications.
Configuration of Starters
One of the most important features included in the starters is the possibility to configure Camel components using the new Spring-Boot configuration mechanism.
Once a starter is included in the
pom.xml file, the IDE will suggest all the configuration options available for that starter.
This helps configuring the application easily, using the
A related feature that spring-boot offers out of the box is the possibility to override such configuration using environment variables or Java options. This is a great feature when you plan to run the application in a cloud platform like Kubernetes or Openshift, since you can exploit it to override some environment related settings using environment variables set up by the cloud platform automatically (eg. external services). A Kunernetes’ ConfigMap can also be bound to environment variables, providing a way to inject external configuration into the application.
Trends are changing but camels are creatures that can adapt well to every environment!